Publications

Property rights is considered to be one of the most important files that is presented on the current scene in Egypt at the moment, as it contains a lot of topics that contribute towards the constant improvement and betterment of both the social and economic sectors and aid as well in the formation of an improved development framework. Property rights has a lot of forms whether private of public properties, in this paper we are trying to understand the economic impacts that usually take place when we start privatizing sectors of public property, specifically in this paper, public sport clubs, then we try after this to explore the importance of financial investment in the public sports sector In Egypt, as a start to create a legal and economic atmosphere which ensures obtaining the benefits that we expect from it, and to encourage the continuous work towards its development.

The Egyptian Center for Public Policy Studies (ECPPS) issues this monthly report on policy updates regarding freedom of press and media in Egypt, in an attempt to support the principles of transparency, freedom of information and freedom and independence of press and media in Egypt.

The report aims at observing the state of freedom of media in Egypt during the last two years, specifically, after the approval of the Egyptian constitution of 2014.The goal is to identify legislative, political and economic problems encountered by media, as well as problems related to media performance itself, in order to eventually try to find solutions of these problems in the form of recommendations for decision makers and media men and to open a discussion over such problems. It should be noted that this report does not aim at fully observing legislative, political and economic conditions, or providing a full analysis of media content. The report only cites examples that could indicate the general conditions of each of the said aspects.

This research paper is part of an awareness campaign launched to highlight the importance of civil society’s role, and the legislations regulating it. Within this campaign the Egyptian Center for Public Policy Studies publishes researches, and creates community dialogue, aiming to empower civil work, change the public image of civil society, and answer the questions raised about NGOs. ECPPS tries to achieve this goal through social communication, using different means, including this research paper which explains why ECPPS believes in the importance of civil work. This research paper presents the role of civil society organizations in protecting fundamental rights in Egypt, as well as its mechanisms, and achievements. Finally, the research paper also discusses how civil society can play its role without facing obstacles.

 

The term privatization may be frowned upon every time it is discussed as a solution to the development and renewal of governmental establishments, and it raises a lot of reservations and questions. Privatization usually is discussed as an ineffective solution and a quick way to deprive the citizen of his rights and benefits from any advantages offered by government bodies, we might be able to console this to the previous history of privatization in Egypt, as most of the public sectors that were privatized by previous governments did not succeed in increasing the productivity of these sectors at a price that is proportionate to the size of privatized sectors, perhaps one of the most prominent example of companies that have been privatized was the starch and glucose Company “Nesha And Glucose”, which was unique to the Middle East and was privatized in 2003 and sold to a businessman. The company was bought for 160 million pounds, of which only 126 million pounds were paid, even though its assets exceeded 400 million pounds. A report by the Center for Land Rights done on the corruption of the sale of public sector companies as part of the privatization program in Egypt revealed that, the sale of Egypt's assets -after the sale announcement- had produced proceeds from the sale estimated at 32 billion pounds from the total value of selling 314 companies, while the proceeds from selling 326 companies were also 32 Billion which was the total value of selling only 314 companies. The Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) published data from the Ministry of Finance revealing that between 1991 and 2009, 407 public sector companies were sold, with sales exceeding 57.3 billion dollar, resulting in the referral of more than 500,000 workers to early retirement.

At the current scene in Egypt, the intellectual property rights file is considered to be one of the more pressing subjects that is being discussed, as the file contains alot topics and agendas that could contribute greatlyin improving both the social and economic systems, and help in the formation of a highly functional work matrix. In this paper, we are trying to discuss what is meant by the term label “intellectual property” so that we may understand its economic significance and its impact on state economies, then we try to later on in the paper to discuss a draft law to establish an independent office that is only concerned with protecting intellectual property rights in Egypt, as a start to create a legal atmosphere and environment that would establish its protection and legal status and finally encourage on work to its improvement.

ECPPS publishes a monthly observation guide titled “Freedom of Media in Egypt”, as an attempt to monitor the freedom and independence of media in Egypt. The guide discusses the issue within 5 contexts: legal, political, economic, media performance, and the role of NGOs.

ECPPS publishes a monthly observation Report titled “Freedom of Media in Egypt”, as an attempt to monitor the freedom and independence of media in Egypt. The guide discusses the issue within 5 contexts: legal, political, economic, media performance, and the role of NGOs.

Within the Individual Freedom and Economic Freedom programs, ECPPS published the study “Civil Society’s Role in Economic Development” to highlight the role of civil society organizations in sustainable development and economic development. This topic has not been researched enough. Civil work is considered one of the most important means of societies’ progress nowadays. And it becomes more important with the widening gap between the state’s resources and citizens’ necessities, which is why civil organizations should be considered the state’s partner in sustainable development, and in providing citizens’ needs.

The housing  file in Egypt  is one of the most important obstacles facing both the government and  the civil society and it creates  a barrier against  the development of the community and hinders its progress, the housing  sector is the one of the biggest indicators of the stability of many social groups in Egypt and it is vital in insuring an acceptable  standard of living to citizens, given the figures and statistics, we find that' it poses a lot  of challenges for a number of reasons which  include: rising real estate prices, the difficulty of real estate and land registration because of the lengthy  government procedures  and its dramatic bureaucracy, and the difficulty of obtaining financing to buy a patch of land or property , as well as the steady increase in population and the increasing need for more real estate to accommodate those needs, so when law No. 148, issued in August 2001,which puts mortgages as a solution to some of these problems, many sectors of the demographic had the opportunity to acquire financing to buy, build or finance portions of land or property through capital provided.

ECPPS publishes a monthly observation guide titled “Freedom of Media in Egypt”, as an attempt to monitor the freedom and independence of media in Egypt. The guide discusses the issue within 5 contexts: legal, political, economic, media performance, and the role of NGOs.

ECPPS publishes a monthly observation report titled “Freedom of Media in Egypt”, as an attempt to monitor the freedom and independence of media in Egypt. The guide discusses the issue within 5 contexts: legal, political, economic, media performance, and the role of NGOs.

ECPPS publishes a monthly observation report titled “Freedom of Media in Egypt”, as an attempt to monitor the freedom and independence of media in Egypt. The guide discusses the issue within 5 contexts: legal, political, economic, media performance, and the role of NGOs.

In the framework of ECPPS’ campaign #FreeNGOsInEgypt to promote awareness on civil society, the importance of its role, and the legislations regulating it, the center publishes researches and works actively to change how civil society is seen, and answer the questions raised about it. This MP’s guide aims to present the center’s perspective about civil society.

This report discusses the freedom of media in Egypt during the last two years; after the approval of the 2014 constitution, to shed light on the problems facing media in Egypt, including legislations, and political and economic situations, as well as the problems related to media performance, to ultimately find solutions to be presented to MPs and to media workers as recommendations.

After years of political upheaval that left the economy in a critical condition, Egypt was starting to make progress towards economic reform. Such reform takes on contributions from different sources such as investments, internal law regulations and sectoral reformation, but in order for that to take place, the key areas of development and fundamental problems must be identified, one problem which stands out is the housing sector in Egypt, due to the immense complexity of acquiring a permit to build and the faulty bureaucratic/corrupt system which has led to the atrocious growth of the informal sector, that causes both, immense burden on the government and a substantial economic step down. The case study aims at introducing the current situation of processes to acquire housing rights and the informal sector in Egypt in regards to their relationship with the Economy.

A lot of real estate owners associations has been discussing amendments to be passed to the law regulating the contract between home owners and renters, also known as the old rental law, besides being a very active topic inside the parliament. Rental laws have been a setback for Egypt since the 50s of the last century despite various government efforts to regulate it and control the relation between the renters and the owners through laws to guarantee both their rights, and each time that happened it has been criticized from both ends, accusing the government of favoring sides, the paper suggests some law amendments to reach a fair solution to this crisis. 

 

 

Despite reaching a size of about 30 million buildings in Egypt, the fact remains that only about 10% of those are registered while the rest fail to be officially registered, this lack of formal registration is considered to be one of the main causes of the real-estate failure and wastage of the value of real-estate market in Egypt.

There are many cause of the lack of registration; chiefly we can attribute it to the extremely slow process that it takes to officially register a building in the registration office (Shahr Akary), which is still working with laws and regulations from the year 1946.

 

It is estimated that the actual value of the unregistered housing market is about 2.4 trillion Egyptian pounds according to a study done by Hernando De Soto, the founder of the freedom and democracy center in Peru.

 

Although the volume of real estate in Egypt reached about 30 million property, however, 10% of which are registered and the rest are not. The failure to register, one of the causes of wasted real estate investment in Egypt. 
There are several reasons for unregistered properties, most notably is the slow registration procedures in the Real Estate Publicity Department, which has not developed its laws and regulations since 1946.
The estimated market value of those constructions is 2.4 trillion Egyptian pounds according to a study conducted by Fernando de Soto, founder of the Institute for Liberty and Democracy in Peru.

Gag is the implementation of an order to ban publication of information or data in various media about certain issues. The order is issued by relevant point of the investigation, the public prosecutor or the court. It confines coverage to publishing statements released by public prosecutor about the case in the media and newspapers. Since last year, publication ban on cases has become a widely prevailing phenomenon in Egypt. We have recorded 12 publication ban cases from April 2015 to May 2016, and 20 cases since 2014. The latest recorded case is the case of burning a warehouse containing forensic evidences belonging to the procuratorate office of El-Haram on June 14, 2016.

 

 

This research deals with the analysis of laws affecting the ban on publication, a simplified case study of the laws organizing the transparency of trials and standards of confidentiality of information in the State of Finland, and finally presenting recommendations for the reform of laws causing the phenomenon of gag in Egypt.